What is social participation

This section of the INDCP website describes the Model of Human Development - Disability creation process (HDM-DCP), its key concepts and some of its applications in the fields of habilitation, rehabilitation, social participation and human rights advocacy for the persons with disabilities and their families. It also introduces the assessment tools developed in order to facilitate the use of the HDM-DCP.

According to the Human Development Model - Disability Creation Process (HDM-DCP) conceptual model, social participation means carrying out one’s life habits in one’s environment (school, work place, neighbourhood, etc.). The Quebec Classification: Disability Creation Process document identifies twelve life habit categories, six daily activities and six social roles.

Daily Activities

Social roles

Nutrition Responsaibility
Fitness Interpersonal relationships
Personal care Community life
Communication Education
Housing Employment
Mobility Recreation

Life habits ensure the survival and development of a person in society throughout his or her lifetime. Carrying out these life habits depends especially on the age of the person, expectations of the living environment and cultural aspects. 


All people basically have the same life habits. However, some of them take on different forms, sometimes using technical aids, facilities or human support. By not being able to do a task alone, either completely or partially, if the person is able to express himself and have others recognize his preferences, a life habit will not lead to a situation of dependency or loss of autonomy.


Some life habits may be judged more important than others depending on one’s preferences. As well, the sociocultural context may give rise to social expectations regarding common activities and social roles. Lastly, the opportunities offered in the living environment can lead some people to carry out their habits in one way rather than another.