The Human Development Model – Disability Creation Process (HDM-DCP) is a conceptual model which aims to document and explain the causes and consequences of diseases, trauma, and other effects on integrity and the development of the person. The HDM-DCP is designed to be used by every actor in public, parapublic, or private sectors, as well as in non-profit organizations concerned with the adaptation, rehabilitation, social participation and exercise of human rights of people with disabilities and their families.
The HDM-DCP shows that the accomplishment of life habits can be influenced by reinforcing our abilities and compensating for our disabilities through rehabilitation, but also by reducing environmental obstacles stemming. An obstacles coud be, for example, a prejudice, the lack of assistance or resources, the lack of accessibility at home and at school, a problem in obtaining adapted printed information or moving around with the help of accessible signage.
Thus, measuring the accomplishment of life habits means that we identify the result of the interaction between the person and his/her environment. Here we are referring to an indicator of the quality of social participation: It is measured over a continuum or scale ranging from an optimal situation of social participation to a complete disabling situation.
The HDM-DCP is a model that does not place the responsibility of disability on the person.
The HDM-DCP is the result of more than thirty years of international conceptual and practical work in the field of disability. Its conceptual model, definitions and nomenclature are employed by many organizations working in various areas such as education, work, health and social services, disability rights advocacy groups, public administration, etc.
The HDM-DCPconceptual model is based upon the Quebec Classification: Disability Creation Process (1998). This documentr is a scientific classification that provides definitions, taxonomies and measurement scales for life habits, environmental factors and personal factors conceptual domains. This classification system help to identify, appreciate and follow the observed changes in these three conceptual domains in a given period.
When you use the HDM-DCP as part of your professional, advocacy and research activities, you get the following benefits:
The Human Development Model-Disability Creation Process(HDM-DCP) is a conceptual model designed to be used by every actors in public, parapublic, or private sectors, as well as in non-profit organizations concerned with the adaptation, rehabilitation, social participation and exercise of human rights of people with disabilities and their families. The emphasis on environmental factors and life habits of these persons makes so that it can be used for persons with disabilities as a whole, no matter the cause, the nature and the severity of their impairments and disabilities.
In the recent years, many tools were developed to facilitate the use of the HDM-DCP by the organizations, the professionals, the researchers and the activists advocating for the human rights of people with disabilities: